Archaeologists have discovered the oldest known brewery in one of Egypt’s most important historical sites.
Eight massive units – each about 20m by 2.5m – were found at Abydos, an ancient cemetery in the desert. Each team included two rows of about 40 jars, used to heat the mixture of grain and water to make beer, Egypt’s tourism, and the antique ministry.
Dr. Matthew Adams, head of the US-Egyptian mission, said the old brewery produced around 22,400 liters of beer at a time. It is believed to date back to King Narmer’s time, known for his unification of Egypt at the First Dynastic Period (3150 BC-2613 BC).
Dr. Adams said it appeared the factory had been built specifically in Abydos to provide beer for the rituals at the kings of Egypt’s funeral facilities. He also let it be known that there was evidence that the ancient Egyptians used beer in sacrificial rites.
Abydos is one of the oldest cities in ancient Egypt and included a cemetery, where the first pharaohs were buried, along with many temples.
The city’s monuments honored Osiris, the god of the underworld – whom the ancient Egyptians believed to be judging the afterlife’s souls. British archaeologists first mentioned the brewery’s existence in the early 1900s but could not pinpoint its location, the Department of Antiquities added.