Hair is a manifestation of beauty, so when the hair falls out, many problems appear, and if they are not treated quickly; The problem increases and puts before us hair transplantation as a last resort. Hair transplantation is one of the most important, newest, and most popular operations that have appeared on the scene in the recent period to overcome hair problems that embarrass and lack of self-confidence.
We put in your hands an article that contains everything related to hair transplantation in terms of what is the hair transplantation process, what are its different techniques, the expected cost, and the best methods of hair transplantation, all of this and more through your readers of the following article.
Causes of hair loss
Regarding hereditary baldness, it is, that it often affects men, and rarely females, as it occurs because of excessive sensitivity to the male hormone, and it can be treated using some medical preparations such as “Rogaine”, but these preparations remain a temporary solution with limited results.
As for non-hereditary hair loss, its rate has increased nowadays, and the percentage has increased in women, so it has become close to the rate of hereditary baldness in men, and its causes are because of psychological and nervous disorders, or a lack of nutrients, or chronic physical diseases, as happens in cases of thyroid patients, and in patients who are treated with chemical preparations, it can also occur after burns and wounds.
The problem of hair loss can be overcome by treating its causes, such as taking enough rest, taking important vitamins to strengthen the hair, and treating the causative disease, and if there is no result, whether in cases of hereditary or non-genetic baldness, then the best and final solution is hair transplantation.
How is hair transplantation performed?
The patient usually goes through several stages:
• Preparing the patient for the operation
• The anesthesia phase
• Extracting follicles
•Separation of follicles or segments
• the stage of planting the follicles
Preparing the patient for the operation
Before a hair transplant is decided upon, the specialist doctor conducts a comprehensive examination of the patient and opens a medical file for him in which he writes everything that pertains to the patient medically, whether he is being treated for a disease, or has an allergy to any medical preparation, and the patient’s susceptibility to bleeding, even if A member of his family suffers from a genetic disease, in order to ensure the safety of the patient, and this is a medical axiom before any surgery.
Then all procedures are reviewed on the day scheduled for the operation, and you have to ask the doctor about everything that concerns you about the operation.
Then the doctor performs a comprehensive cleaning of the scalp, redrawing the hair, and adding other signs that help him during the process, after that the actual steps of the process begin by taking some painkillers to relax, and then anesthetizing the target area in the hair transplantation process.
Preparing for hair transplantation
A local anesthetic is used in hair transplantation, and then a device is applied that applies a high frequency of vibrations to the skin to reduce the feeling of injection, and this is known medically as vibration anesthesia, which suffices to make the patient not feel any pain during the hair transplant procedure.
Second: Extracting the follicles and separating them
Extracting natural hair follicles is done in two ways:
The first method: Medically called the “Follicular Unit Transplantation” or (FUT)
Where a small slice is taken from the back of the head “the donor area”, and then divided into tiny slices, each slice contains only one or two hairs and this is done under a special microscope, then the wound is closed completely so it does not appear.
This method is considered somewhat painful after the operation ends, and it leaves a slight scar in the back, depending on the elasticity of the scalp, but with no swelling in the area.
The second method: Is the “Follicular Unit Extraction” technique, known as (FUE).
It is a modern and easy technology that is much better than the first technology, and it is currently being worked on a lot.
Where the follicles or micro-grafts “Kraft” are extracted one by one using modern devices measuring 1 mm from the donor area, the area heals immediately, and within 48 hours a person can practice his life normally, and this method is not painful, and it does not leave any traces or scars. In the scalp.
After that, it separates the follicles, cleaned, and placed in a saline solution to preserve them until transplanted.
The third method: DHI technique, which is an abbreviation for “Direct hair implantation”.
This technique is the latest and most efficient.. as it is a development and modification of hair transplantation with the FUE technique. In this technique, a tiny slice is separated by a specific device called a “Choi pen” from the donor area, then implanted directly into the receiving area.
What distinguishes this technique is that it does not need to use a surgical scalpel, and this hair transplant has resulted in the treatment of many baldness problems, including hereditary baldness.
Third: the stage of planting the bulbs
After obtaining the hair required for transplantation in any of the three aforementioned methods, it is transplanted in one way, in which tiny holes are made in the affected part, the number of which ranges from hundreds to thousands of holes depending on the size of the part to be transplanted.
This process takes a relatively long time, ranging from four to six hours, as it implants the follicles one by one.
The operation usually takes place in one session, during which it implants several follicles ranging from two thousand to seven thousand hairs, and it is usually sufficient for a person unless his head is completely devoid of hair.
Fourth: The results of a hair transplant
After the operation ends, the implanted follicles grow and hair appears, as the hair covers the place that was transplanted again within a month or two, and within six months the hair grows completely back to its normal length.
The transplanted hair looks as if it is natural, especially if the person follows a healthy diet, and takes care of it by applying medicinal preparations and creams.
Hair can be shaved and styled after six months, just as if it was natural.
Complications of hair transplantation
Hair transplantation is usually done with local anesthesia, so complications are not followed by it, and complications are often in the form of infections that are avoided by taking an antibiotic, and some bruises that gradually disappear, and bleeding under the scalp may occur and be overcome quickly by using anti-bleeding medications.
Precautions that the patient must take before the hair transplant procedure
Routine medical tests must be done prior to any surgical procedure.
Avoid taking aspirin, blood-thinning medications, or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory herbs for seven days before the procedure, and inform the doctor about any medical product you are using before surgery.
Avoid consuming alcoholic beverages at least two days before the operation.
Finally, it is advised not to cut the hair before the operation, so the hair should be left long.
Things to consider after a hair transplant
Avoid hitting your head with anything.
-Sleep in a semi-upright position on the first night after the operation, and two pillows should raise the head during the first three days after the operation.
-Avoid touching your transplanted hair for one to two days after the surgery, and if you want to comb your hair, avoid the transplanted area so as not to be affected before the new hair grows.
– A solution in the form of a spray should be used at home that helps new hair to grow, as it is used in the transplanted area every half hour for the first day after the operation.
-Go to the specialist doctor the next day to remove the bandages.
-Stop taking aspirin and alcoholic beverages for three days after surgery.
– Stay away from strenuous exercises such as swimming, weight lifting, and other things for a week after the operation.
-Also avoid using irons and hair dryers for a week or two.
-Also use a new hairbrush other than the old one, at least in the first two weeks after the operation.
-Do not take painkillers other than those prescribed by the doctor, as pain-relieving medicines are taken every four or six hours when needed, and it takes antibiotics by mouth three times a day after eating for two to three days.
– The doctor is consulted two days after the operation to wash the hair, and then it is washed daily at home with cold water and a light foam using a medical shampoo.
-Avoid direct exposure to sunlight so that the wound does not swell, and you can wear a hat as long as it is loose.
– Bleeding in the donor area is considered normal, although its occurrence does not exceed 1% of cases, and in this case, a thin layer of gauze is applied and pressed for 10 minutes.
– Removing the sutures from the donor area after ten days to three weeks, according to the discretion of the treating physician.
Hair transplant cost
You can review the head hair transplant section on the site, to see the medical centers that offer this service, and the prices offered by the site, some of which include an attractive discount.
The cost of hair transplantation is high worldwide.
The cost of natural hair transplantation in Western countries and Europe ranges from 4,000 to 5,000 dollars.
Many prefer a hair transplant in Turkey because of its low prices and the high level of service in terms of hygiene and the techniques used, ranging from 1000 to 2500 dollars.
The cost of the process depends on several factors, including but not limited to:
1- The process and the techniques used in it, as the method of extraction differs from the method of slices.
2- The materials used, such as the liquid used to preserve the follicles, there are many types where the hyiothormosol liquid is the most expensive, and the most effective and suitable for preserving living tissues at low temperatures from two to eight degrees, and the price of 100 mm of it may reach up to $200, but there are other types, such as “saline”, which are available at a lower price.
3- The medical center in which the operation is performed and its services in terms of care, level of sterilization, and experience, and the professionalism and professionalism of the center’s staff, besides the remuneration of the doctor who performs the operation, and the extent of his experience and reputation, and these factors are among the most important determining the cost of the operation.
4- The number of follicles: The number of follicles is an influential factor in determining the cost of hair transplantation in some centers, but many centers do not consider it an influential factor in determining the cost.
5- The place where hair will be transplanted, not all areas of hair transplantation are equal because hair transplantation in the chin and mustache requires more time, effort, and different care, and hair transplantation in the eyebrows, these two processes differ from the process of hair transplantation in the scalp as they are more complicated, and higher Cost.
6- The cost is not fixed but is governed by many factors, but the cost should not be the major factor in choosing the center in which you will transplant hair.
Tips before deciding to have a hair transplant
Ask about the doctor carefully and make sure he has sufficient knowledge and experience. Ask about the center and the level of health care in it, then ask about the techniques that will be used during the operation.
Contact patients who have previously dealt and performed their operations in the same center, and ask them about the extent of the health center’s care, their treatment of patients, the extent of the success of the operation, and whether any complications occurred to them afterward, and do not be deceived by the ad decorations in social media and the media.
Advantages of hair transplantation
Hair transplantation eliminates the problems of hair loss permanently, as the transplanted hair never falls out except through external factors such as burns and wounds.
Hair transplantation is an easy or dangerous process, and from the point of view of Sharia, it is not considered a connection, as we take the hair follicle from one place and plant it in another place in the same person.
Chin and mustache hair transplantation is also possible, but the matter is relatively complicated if you compare it with head hair transplantation, and its success is much less than head hair transplantation, as the skin and hair differ.
It is also possible to transplant hair into scars with a great success rate of up to 80%, and eyebrows can also be transplanted.
Disadvantages of hair transplantation
The high cost of hair transplantation is the first and biggest defect of the operation, because of the lack of centers and doctors specializing in this operation, and the high prices of devices and techniques used in them, and the length of the operation is considered one defect, as the process takes from six to eight hours.
Finally, some doctors consider the lack of transplanted hair loss as one defect, especially when old, as hair falls out from the donor area behind the head, and the hair transplanted in the frontal area remains surprising and contrary to nature.
In what cases is it advisable to have a hair transplant?
Hair transplantation is recommended as a treatment in cases of genetic baldness, and in cases of heavy hair loss, and very light hair in women, but in cases of normal hair loss, it is preferable to use medical preparations and treatments against hair loss and treat the cause.
The right age for a hair transplant
The patient must wait until the age of twenty until his physical build is complete, and the hair density in the donor area is complete so that the operation will be facilitated with greater success results, and complications are prevented, but before this age, medical treatment is better than transplantation.
Hair transplants in special cases:
First: Hair transplantation for patients with diabetes and hypertension
Hair transplantation can be performed for diabetics if it is not treated with insulin, but if it is treated with insulin, uncontrollable complications such as infections and skin infections may occur.
As for patients with pressure, hair transplantation can be performed for them, with the need for special and strict care to avoid bleeding and other complications of the operation.
Second: Hair transplantation for alopecia areata
Alopecia disease is a disease that affects the immune system in the body, in which hair attacks in different areas of the body without warning, and affects both sexes without a specific age, there is not enough information and medical research regarding the treatment of surgical alopecia, some experiments have succeeded and this is promising there is a lot of controversy around it despite the success of many hair transplantation operations with hair growth in them after a long period.
Alopecia areata patient sometimes has an infected donor area, in which case the solution is hair cloning.
The surgical treatment of alopecia is still under experiment, hoping the researchers will come up with an advanced surgical technique to treat it.
Third: Hair transplantation after radiotherapy
Radiation treatment leads to damage to hair follicles, and therefore it is difficult to transplant hair if the radiation is directed to large areas of it, but if the radiation treatment is in specific areas of the head, then hair transplantation is possible and gives high success results, God willing, provided that sufficient density is provided in the donor area.
Does smoking affect hair transplantation?
If smoking affects the health of all body systems and tissues, then it also affects the health of natural hair, so how does it affect the transplanted hair? Smoking leads to narrowing of the blood vessels, thus reducing the distribution of oxygen that the cells need to complete their life, which leads to a delay in the growth of the implanted follicles, and a delay in wound healing, as the effect of smoking is known to many wounds, and it may even lead to the death and damage of the implanted follicles.
Smoking also increases the incidence of infections and infection after the operation, so the person who wants to perform a hair transplant must stop smoking two weeks before the operation and two weeks after, and it is preferable to stop smoking permanently so that his money is not wasted in vain, but his money returns to him to harm him.
The difference between natural and artificial hair transplantation
It is worth noting the difference between natural hair transplantation and artificial hair transplantation, as in the process of natural hair transplantation, we take a follicle from the same person and grow it in him as well so that his immune system does not resist it.
As for artificial hair transplantation, it is the implantation of artificial fibers that the body resists, and severe infections and complications may occur on the scalp that does not end unless it removes the implanted hair.
Best available technology:
We recommend you follow the DHI hair transplant technique.
DHI hair transplant technique depends on a modern implant tool called Choi pens, which can make hair transplantation very easy for many cases, given the facilities available with this technique, which may not be available in other techniques.
Choi pens are single-use pens, they are used for each patient separately and in particular, and then they are disposed of, so the possibility of infection with Choi pens technology or DHI is almost non-existent and rare because of this specificity if the center adheres to this matter specifically The pens were not reused on several people. And responsible for the depth of the channels open in this technique is these pens. Each of them has a certain depth.