It is common for people to give birth to a fetus after nine months in the mother’s womb. Still, millions of infants are born annually before completing this period, amid questions about the impact of “early birth” on their health in the future.
According to the “Medical News” site, what is meant by premature birth is the delivery of the baby before the completion of the thirty-seventh week of pregnancy, and this is common and not rare.
And health data in the United States indicates that 10 percent of those born in the United States come to life before completing nine months.
But these premature births are a burden on hospitals, given the urgent need to keep the babies in the hospital instead of leaving with their mothers a day or two after birth.
Experts believe that early-born care has improved significantly over the past 50 years, so it is no longer a threat to infants’ health as it was before.
Marc Merconio, an expert and researcher in child health and obstetrics at Yale College, says that caring for these infants still faces many challenges, especially in developing countries with advanced health systems.
He says that the problem facing doctors and nurses is the small size of the infant, which complicates doing things like intravenous infusions because the body is so lean.
Because the lungs are not always fully in a premature infant, the supply of oxygen is also an obstacle to the baby’s health care.
Likewise, an infant’s brain is feeble and perhaps incomplete, and it is vulnerable to injuries and serious health consequences.
According to the researcher, science benefits from accumulation, and thanks to this, care has improved in many respects, such as putting these young infants under breathing apparatus.
In his letter to the fathers, the doctor says that most of those born early improve, live and be in excellent condition, and therefore, there is no need to panic, even if some of them die.
As for those who suffer long-term health consequences as a result of being born prematurely, they constitute only a limited percentage, according to an American expert.