The human body produces antibodies as an immune response to any disease that enters the body, Coronavirus infection caused a group of symptoms in people, and children showed that they are less affected in terms of disease, a research study of Columbia University found that the antibodies produced by children and adults in response to Corona infection differ in Type and numbers. According to a report by TIME NOW NEWS newspaper, it was believed at the beginning of the virus’s emergence that children did not show any severe symptoms because of the new coronavirus infection, and later children were not only placed in a high-risk category, but they saw complications such as multisystem inflammatory syndrome very common among children. And, they have also been dubbed the super-spreaders of coronavirus infection, even when complications such as severe polymyositis have been reported in some children, most children with COVID-19 get away with mild infections, without suffering from any severe symptoms, researchers have now found a reason for the potential This happens.
According to a new study conducted by researchers at Columbia University, American College of Physicians and Surgeons, the amount and type of antibodies that children and adults produce in response to Coronavirus infection may differ, and this difference may also be the reason for the difference in infection and the immune response in both age groups.
“Our study provides an in-depth examination of antibodies to Coronavirus in children, and reveals a stark contrast with adults,” said Donna Faber, an immunologist at Columbia University.
According to Matteo Boruto, associate professor of viral molecular pathogenesis in the Department of Paediatrics at Columbia University, “In children, the infectious cycle is much shorter and may not spread and adults.” They need a strong immune response to the antibody to get rid of it,” he says.
According to the study, the pattern observed in children infected with Coronavirus around the world is that they do not suffer from severe symptoms of infection, while the elderly may find themselves with symptoms of COVID-19 for weeks, and even at great risk of death because of complications.
The researchers explained why this happens is that this is a new infection for everyone, but children are uniquely adapted to see pathogens for the first time. This is what we design their immune system to do. Children have a lot of T cells that can identify all kinds of new pathogens. Whereas, the elderly depend more on immune memories and cannot respond to new pathogens as children. ‘
The results of the study also revealed that children produce fewer antibodies than adults against the new Coronavirus, and it was also observed that children’s antibodies were less active, while all adults, including young people in their twenties of age, produced antibodies equivalent to the virus, People who developed severe symptoms had the most neutralizing activity, which according to the researchers reflects the time the virus has been present in the sickest patients.