Some fake videos were made for US President Trump and were enough to show the potential risks of deepfakes (Pixabay)
Many analysts warn that deep fake technology could be used in political competition during the upcoming US elections, and many of them see the possibility of falsifying videos and audio clips of candidates using artificial intelligence to show them saying or doing something unreal, threatening their political future and reducing their chances of winning the election.
Indeed, this modern technology was used to create fake pornographic videos for several celebrities. It was also used to create false news, which angered US lawmakers.
A hearing was held at the US House of Representatives Intelligence Committee about this technology, which was listed among the top 8 misleading threats to the 2020 election campaign in a report published by New York University.
It is a technology-based on creating fake videos by using computer programs and artificial intelligence. This technology combines photos and video clips of a character to produce a new video that may appear at first glance to be real. Still, in fact, it is fake.
The first milestones of this technology appeared in 1997, when the “Video Rewrite” program was converting a video of a person talking about a certain topic into a video of the same person, but talking about another topic and uttering new words that he did not say in the original video.
Usually, this technology is exploited in the academic field in computer vision, which is based on artificial intelligence. Still, the use of this technology is not limited to the academic field only.
Deepfakes was used to discredit some well-known politicians (Pixabay)
The use of the term deepfakes is due to the name of a Reddit user who, at the end of 2017, shared fake porn videos that they had made for celebrities, and these videos achieved high views.
By February 2018, the site “Reddit” banned the user, and the rest of the sites also banned anyone who promotes this technology. However, other platforms on the Internet are still working to share videos made with this technology with or without knowledge.
In December of the same year, actress Scarlett Johansson spoke publicly about the deepfakes issue during an interview with The Washington Post, in which she expressed her concern about this “phenomenon” and described the Internet world as “a great hole of darkness that eats itself.”
The deep fake technique was used to distort the image of some well-known politicians, for example, but not limited to, the face of Argentine President Mauricio Macri replaced the face of Adolf Hitler, and Angela Merkel’s face was replaced by Donald Trump before.
In April 2018, he published a video of former US President Barack Obama speaking loudly about this technology and explaining its risks, which the US President had not done in the first place.
In the same year, the Belgian Socialist Party released a fake video of President Trump insulting Belgium. As expected, the video got enough reaction to show the potential risks of high-quality deepfakes.
In January 2019, Fox TV broadcast a deepfakes video of President Trump during his Oval Office speech.
Deep-falsification technique may pose a real threat to the future of US election candidates from both parties (Pixabay)